The wool needs to be dyed with the right colours as required to weave the desired rug. Dyeing the wool takes place either using natural vegetable dyes or synthetic ones. Natural colours preserve the special texture of the rug, whereas synthetic dyes give brightness to the colours and its shades.
The entire weaving work is carried out by hand with the traditional Nepalese – Tibetan knotting system on a vertical loom. It is a creative task, which is performed by three or four weavers according to the size of the rug. Rug weaving is done with the help of yarn balls, scissors, iron-rod, levers, comb beater, etc. The knot density of a Nepalese-Tibetan rug ranges from 40 to 125 knots as per square inch. However, the most common knot density of our rugs is 60 and 100 knots per square inch.
The sharp design & pattern is carved out by scissors from the woven rugs. It is a very delicate process because one false cut can ruin the whole rug.
After a rug is trimmed it is then washed with fresh water using household chemicals to keep free of germs, remove dirt and restore the original shine of the wool. The rug is then dried out in the sun for 4-5 days.
After washing and drying, the rugs are stretched from all four sides using metal frames and hooks. It helps in maintaining the perfect square shape of the rug.